Bladder stones are hard lumps of minerals that can form inside the bladder when it is not completely empty of urine.
They may not cause any symptoms if they are small enough to pass out of the bladder when you urinate, but most people with bladder stones have symptoms because the stones irritate the bladder walls or block the flow of urine and thus required bladder stone treatment in Rohini, Delhi.
Bladder stones may not immediately produce symptoms. But, if the stone irritates the bladder, symptoms can include the following:
- discomfort or pain in the penis;
- starting the flow of urination takes longer;
- pain in the lower abdomen;
- pain and discomfort when urinating;
- blood in the urine;
- cloudy or abnormally dark urine;
The bladder’s job is to collect urine from the kidneys until urination is needed. Once this is done, the bladder should be empty. But some health problems can prevent this from happening and you end up with urine left in your bladder. Then, some of the substances in the urine begin to stick together and form crystals until a bladder stone is formed.
There are a number of problems that can prevent bladder emptying. The two most common are:
- Larger than normal prostate. As men age, the prostate usually gets larger and can compress the urethra, the tube that carries urine out of the body. When this happens, it is as if a lump forms in a tube – urine also does not flow, which makes it difficult to empty the bladder.
- Nerve damage. Also called neurogenic bladder, it means that the nerves in the bladder are not functioning as they normally should. This can lead to a situation of stagnant urine in the bladder.
- Bladder augmentation surgery. Some people undergo this surgery to help with a problem called incontinence, where you can’t control when to urinate. This surgery can increase the chances of getting bladder stones.
- Diverticula of the bladder. These are small sacs that form in the bladder. Some people are born with this problem, but it can also take over with infections or prostate problems.
- Swelling of the bladder.
- Diet. A diet high in fat, sugar, and salt that also lacks vitamins A and B can increase the chances of getting bladder stones.
- Kidney stones. They are different from bladder stones, but a small kidney stone could travel from the kidney to the bladder and grow.
Diagnosis is based on bladder ultrasound, which alone is able to diagnose bladder stones.
Cystoscopy is the most reliable and accurate diagnostic tool. Obviously, the presence of a stone also requires diagnosis and therapy of the possible causes that determined it.
Treatment and care
The bladder stone treatment in Rohini, Delhi varies according to the etiology: the crushing of the stone with a laser and its endoscopic reclamation can be partially decisive. It is necessary to correct, modify and treat the factors favoring the onset of a bladder stone.
Surgery is usually needed to remove stones from the bladder. The most common procedure is a cystolitholaxia, in which a thin tube (cystoscope) with a camera at the end is used to find bladder stones.
If you’ve had bladder stones, know they can come back. There are things you can do to try to prevent this from happening.
You can try:
- increase daily fluid intake from 2 to 3 liters to reduce the concentration of minerals in the urine;
- regularly empty your bladder without delay;
- urinating again 10 to 20 seconds after the first attempt (if you are unable to completely empty your bladder the first time); this is called double voiding and helps empty the bladder more efficiently;
- avoid constipation (regular laxatives may be recommended).